Etiology, diagnostics and treatment possibilities of acute laryngitis: a literature analysis

Deividas Rimkus1, Ugnė Turauskaitė1, Andrius Kulikauskas2

1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania

2Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania


Acute laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx that can be caused by viral infection of the nasopharynx which can descend into larynx or a condition, which can damage vocal cords such as non-infectious factors. The main symptoms are hoarseness, sore throat and dry cough. If the symptoms of acute laryngitis persist for more than three weeks, it can progress to chronic laryngitis. Direct or indirect examination of the vocal cords and larynx (red, hyperaemic mucosa with possible presence of exudate) is usually sufficient to establish a diagnosis. Laboratory tests are performed very rarely. Voice saving and quitting smoking are the most important treatments. Aim: To select and analyze expert presented causes, diagnostics and recommendations for the treatment of acute laryngitis. Methods: the review of literature was conducted using the „PubMed“ medical database, selecting publications, investigating the burden of acute laryngitis. Conclusions: After analysis of the literature main causes, diagnostics and treatments methods of acute laryngitis are presented.

Keywords: Acute laryngitis, Etiology, Diagnostics, Treatment, Diet.