Etiology, diagnostics and treatment possibilities of uterine rupture: literature analysis

Raminta Vasiliauskaitė1, Ugnė Turauskaitė1, Andrius Kulikauskas2

1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas Lithuania

2Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania



Uterine rupture is a rare, but potentially serious obstetric complication with a high incidence of fetal and maternal morbidity. This urgent complication is a complete division of all three layers of the uterus: the endometrium, the myometrium and the perimetrium. Most uterine ruptures occur during labour, also it may occasionally happen earlier in pregnancy. The most common cause of uterine rupture is a C-section scar and previous gynecological surgeries. Every year the use of C-section is steadily increasing, consequently, it led to the increase of uterine rupture cases. Aim: To select and analyze expert presented causes, diagnostics and recommendations for the treatment of uterine rupture. Methods: the review of literature was conducted using the „PubMed“ medical database, selecting publications, investigating the burden of uterine rupture. Conclusions: After analysis of the literature main causes, diagnostics and treatments methods of uterine rupture are presented.

Keywords: uterine rupture, etiology, diagnostics, treatment, C-section scar.