Ugnė Kaunietytė1, Jūratė Pakrosnytė1, Agnė Skvarnavičiūtė1
1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Faculty of Medicine
About 15% of the world’s population (about 8-12% of couples of reproductive age, or about 1 in 6 couples) suffer from infertility, mostly in developing countries, and the frequency of infertility is rising, with one in three couples expected to have infertility problems in 10 to 15 years. One of the leading causes of infertility in women is anovulation caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). It is reported that more than 90% of women suffering from anovulation-induced infertility suffer from PCOS. PCOS not only causes infertility, but is also associated with an increased risk of pregnancy and childbirth complications. Women with PCOS are at a higher risk of miscarriage, gestational diabetes, gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and caesarean section. Therefore, it is important for women with PCOS to plan their pregnancy earlier and to monitor blood pressure and reduce increased blood pressure risk factors after conception, thus eating healthily to avoid possible complications.
Keywords: polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), infertility, pregnancy.