Epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, classification, clinical features and diagnostics of ischemic stroke

Urtė Venclovaitė1, Ugnė Turauskaitė2, Andrius Kulikauskas3

1 Department of Radiology of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences Kaunas, Lithuania,

2Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania

3Vilnius University, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania



Ischemic stroke is a condition that occurs due to brain hypoperfusion and it is diagnosed when symptoms persist for more than 24 hours. Its occurrence is affected by adjusted and unadjusted risks factors. Symptoms in the classical case manifest as focal symptoms depending on the location of the lesion. Classification and diagnostics have changed dramatically in recent years so this allows for more accurate grouping, faster diagnosis of cerebral ischemic stroke. Aim: To select and analyze expert presented causes, classification, clinical features, diagnostics of ischemic stroke. Methods: the review of literature was conducted using the „PubMed“medical database, selecting publications, investigating the burden of ischemic stroke. Conclusions: After analysis of the literature main causes, classification, clinical features, diagnostics methods of ischemic stroke are presented.

Keywords: Ischemic Stroke, Epidemiology, Etiology, Pathogenesis, Classification, Clinical Features and Diagnostics.