Psychomotor development of infants and preschool children in lithuania and the world: a literature review


Viktorija Bakstytė1, Marius Tadas Daniulaitis1, Olga Vasiliauskienė2

1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Medical Academy, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania

2Department of Family Medicine Clinic, Kaunas Clinics, Hospital of Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania



Psychomotor disorders arise due to various causes in any stage of the child development process and affect cognitive, motor or social functions. These disorders often persist in adulthood and inhibit many activities and aspects of every day life. In recent years, many scientific researches were carried out with a goal to identify new risk factors and their influence on children development. Factors, that hinder psychomotor children development can be classified into sociological, economical and health related ones. Infants and children undergo periodical clinical assessment in order to detect psychomotor disorders as early as possible. In clinical practice, a variety of diagnostic tools have been used throughout the world to evaluate child development. Each of it has a different use and is unique and has to be chosen accordingly based on the aspects of the diagnostic process. 

Aim: To analyze the epidemiology, main causes and diagnostic methods of psychomotor disorders.

Method: Literature analysis from ,,PubMed‘‘ and ,,ScienceDirect‘‘ databases. Articles chosen for analysis were on the topic of children psychomotor development and were published between 2010 and 2020.

Conclusions: We identified the main causes and types and diagnostic methods of the most common psychomotor disorders and developmental disabilities affecting infants and children in Lithuania and the rest of the world.

Keywords: psychomotor, children, infants, development, developmental disability.