Myopia and outcomes of laser refractive surgeries (fs-lasik and smile): literature analysis

Miglė Vidrinskaitė1, Eglė Montrimavičienė1,  Kamilė Bertašiūtė1

1Faculty of Medicine of the Medical Academy of the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences


Refractive errors are one of the most common ophthalmological diseases in the world. In Western Europe and the United States, they affect a third of the population. Unaddressed refractive errors are one of the main causes of blindness. One of the most common refractive errors is myopia. It has been found that the number of patients with this disease doubles every decade, so this problem is relevant. To avoid blindness, timely correction of nearsightedness is very important. The main methods of treatment are conservative (corrective glasses, contact lenses) and surgical (laser surgery). Laser surgical treatment is relatively new, so it is important to know the exact indications and possible outcomes. The most common and oldest operation is laser in situ keratomileusis (after improvement of methods was changed to femtosecond (FS-LASIK)), and the most recent is the small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE). Myopia and laser (FS-LASIK and SMILE) refractive surgeries, their comparison of long-term outcomes is briefly discussed in this article.

Keywords: myopia; FS-LASIK; SMILE.