Agnė Čibirkaitė1, Paulina Tekoriutė1, Gabija Bagužytė1
1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Academy of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania
Obesity is a global problem. More and more countries are facing with this epidemic. About 10 percent of school age children weight too much and three quarters of them are obese. Excessive body mass increases the risk of chronic diseases. Because of the peer pressure and bullying this condition has an effect on child‘s, especially teenager‘s, psychological condition . Depression, negative self-esteem, self-isolation increase suicide rate which has a significant impact on countries economy. Using anthropometric body measurements is a simple, low cost and accessible way to evaluate bigger body mass. Early detection of etiological factors and multidisciplinary treatment can help in achieving proper life quality. Aim: To select and analyse expert recommendations for diagnostics and treatment of children obesity. Method: the review of literature was conducted using the ,,PubMed‘‘ and ,,ScienceDirect‘‘, selecting publications investigating main causes, diagnostics and treatment recommendations for children obesity. Conclusions: After analysis of the literature, main causes, diagnostics and multidisciplinary treatment recommendations of children obesity are presented, which will help doctors of different fields to choose the most appropriate treatment method.
Key words: overweight, obesity, children, adolescent, paediatrics patient, multidisciplinary treatment.