Cesarean scar pregnancy: presentation of a clinical case and literature review

Gabija Barkauskaitė1, Gabija Didžiokaitė2, Agnė Marcinkutė3, Gediminas Mečėjus1,3

1Vilnius university, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius, Lithuania

2Vilnius university hospital Santaros clinics, Vilnius, Lithuania

3Vilnius city clinical hospital, Vilnius, Lithuania


Bacground. Pregnancy in the cesarean section scar is one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancy accounting for about 6.1% of all ectopic pregnancies in women who have previously had a cesarean section. Removal of the condition can be treated with medication, surgery, or a combination of the two.

Case report. A forty-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department for lower abdominal pain. A life history marks one pregnancy completed by caesarean section. The pregnancy test was positive. The concentration of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) was 1810 IU/l. A vaginal ultrasound performed at the next visit revealed a 1.0 cm diameter gestational sac at the isthmus of the uterus. 5 weeks pregnancy was confirmed, hCG-5391 IU/l. 3 weeks later a transvaginal ultrasound examination revealed a 10 mm diameter echonegative shadow with a thick capsule in the cesarean section site. Caesarean scar pregnancy was diagnosed. Surgical laparoscopy was performed to remove the cesarean scar pregnancy. Within 24 hours after the operation, hCG levels decreased from 5391 to 1189 IU/l.

Conclusion. Minimally invasive intervention laparoscopy is an effective treatment method with a low risk of complications in the case of pregnancy in the cesarean section scar. Universal treatment guidelines could ensure more successful treatment of this condition.

Keywords: ectopic pregnancy, caesarean section, laparoscopy.

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