The most common intoxications in GP practice: a case report

Urtė Paškevičiūtė1

1Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, Kaunas, Lithuania


In the work of a GP one of the most common acute conditions are various intoxications. Typically, these intoxications occur in the home because of inappropriate using of medications, food, ethanol, or ethanol-like liquids (methanol). Most of these poisonings can be easily cured if you see a doctor in time. Patients usually see a family doctor in rural areas and an emergency department in urban hospitals.

This article reviews non-steroidal anti-inflammatory, ethanol, methanol, alkali, acid and carbon monoxide intoxications.

A case of paracetamol intoxication was selected for the case report.

The aim of the study was to review the most common poisonings in the practice of a GP and to analyze the clinical case of paracetamol intoxication.

Methodology: the international databases Pubmed and Sciencedirect were used to search the literature. Articles analyzed from 2011 to 2021 according to the relevance of the topic. The case of paracetamol intoxication at the LSMU KK Family Medicine Clinic was selected for the case report.

Results and Conclusions. A review of the various cases of poisoning has shown that the clinical course of many of them is relatively similar, as is the treatment. The most important prevention of complications for all poisonings is to see a doctor as soon as possible and to reduce the damage. This is followed by discontinuation of the hazardous substance, gastric lavage, and correction of fluid and electrolyte balance.

Assessing the case study, it was also observed that the patient’s life was saved by early medical care.

Keywords: poisonings, poisoning damage, poisoning cases.