Concept, epidemiology, etiology and pathogenesis of urticaria

Simona Abraitytė1, Diana Vasiljevaitė1, Erika Jurkutė1

1 Lithuanian University of Health Sciences. Academy of Medicine. Faculty of Medicine.


One in five people are diagnosed with urticaria at least once in their lifetime, making it the one of the most common allergic diseases. The growing frequency makes this disease more relevant than ever before. It is essential to understand the etiologies, provocative factors and other causes of urticaria as the most effective treatment is avoidance of such triggers. Each case is different and usually presents with unknown etiologies. However, more research and thus greater understanding is required on this specific disease to easily identify the provoking factors. Understanding all this will help us to control and treat urticaria with increased efficiency. In this literature review we will discuss concept, epidemiology, etiologies, most common provocative factors and types of urticaria and angioedema.

Keywords: urticaria, angioedema, epidemiology, etiology.